每日灵修 7/9/2019  “光照进黑暗里”

祂里面有生命,这生命是人类的光。 光照进黑暗里,黑暗不能胜过 光…祂来到自己所创造的世界,世界却不认识祂。 祂来到自己的地方,自己的人却不接纳祂。约翰福音 1:4-5, 10-11

一方面, 圣经说耶稣基督是人类的光, “光照进黑暗里,黑暗不能胜过 光”. 另一方面, “作恶的人恨光,不肯接近光,恐怕他们的罪行暴露出来。”(约翰福音 3:20) 我们该怎么理解这两个看似矛盾的语句?

布莱兹-帕斯卡尔 (Blaise Pascal)是17世纪极有建树的科学家, 数学家, 和神学家。 他写道了上帝的半隐半现:

If there were no obscurity man would not feel his corruption; if there were no light man could not hope for a cure. Thus it is not only right but useful for us that God should be partly concealed and partly revealed, since it is equally dangerous for man to know God without knowing his own wretchedness as to know his wretchedness without knowing God.  (Pensees 586)

“如果没有隐晦,人类对自己的腐化就不会有所感悟;如果没有光明,人类就不会期待得救之道。因此,上帝半隐半显不仅是公正的,而且还是对我们有用的,因为人类只认识上帝而不知道自己的可悲,或者只知道自己的可悲而不认识上帝,两者都是同样危险的(布莱兹帕斯卡尔. 思想录 , 钱培鑫译)

美国哲学家 Peter Kreeft 这样解释帕斯卡的话:

He gives exactly the right amount of light. If he gave less, even the righteous would be unable to find him, and their will would be thwarted. If he gave more, even the wicked would find him, against their will. Thus, he respects and fulfills the will of all.

If he gave more light, the righteous would not learn humility, for they would know too much. If he gave less light, the wicked would not be responsible for their wickedness, for they would know too little.

“上帝给予的光恰到好处。 如果上帝给的光少了一点, 即使是义人也不能能够发现祂, 他们的(义人追寻上帝的)意愿就会受到挫折。如果上帝给的光多一点, 那么, 邪恶之人就会违背自己的意愿而找到上帝。因此, 上帝尊重了所有人的意愿。

“如果上帝多给一点光, 义人就不会学到谦卑, 因为他们会知道的太多。  如果上帝少给一点光, 邪恶之人就不会对自己的恶行负责人, 因为他们知道的太少“

上帝尊重每个人的意志。用心寻找上帝的人就会得到足够的光, 看见上帝的作为, 得到上帝的带领。 刚硬着心要拒绝上帝的人则得不到足够的光, 看不见上帝 的作为, 得不到上帝的带领。

祷告: 主耶稣, 你应许说, “祈求,就会给你们;寻找,就会寻见;叩门,就会给你们开门“ 。 求祢赐给我一心一意寻求祢的心志。 即使我在黑暗里, 祢的光也会照亮我脚前的路, 引领进入祢光明,自由,仁爱,公义, 喜乐, 和平的国度。 阿门。

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